Psychology A2Z – Continued

I’ve decided to combine the next two letters of the Psychology A2Z into one post. The reason for this decision is that the subjects I chose for L and M go together. You’ll see.

A2Z Psychology2


L is for Learned Helplessness

try, fail, try, fail, try…
hope fades wishes disappear–
a habit settles


“Learned helplessness, in psychology, a mental state in which an organism forced to bear aversive stimuli, or stimuli that are painful or otherwise unpleasant, becomes unable or unwilling to avoid subsequent encounters with those stimuli, even if they are ‘escapable,’ presumably because it has learned that it cannot control the situation…The theory of learned helplessness also has been applied to many conditions and behaviours, including clinical depression, aging, domestic violence, poverty, discrimination, parenting, academic achievement, drug abuse, and alcoholism…”

Encyclopædia Britannica.


An example of inducing learned helplessness –


M is for Martin Seligman

found the negative
then went for the positive —
changed a science


“Success requires persistence, the ability to not give up in the face of failure. I believe that optimistic explanatory style is the key to persistence.”

~ Martin Seligman (One of the founding psychologist of positive psychology)


“Martin E. P. ‘Marty’ Seligman (born August 12, 1942) is an American psychologist, educator, and author of self-help books. His theory of learned helplessness is popular among scientific and clinical psychologists…Seligman worked with Christopher Peterson to create what they describe as a ‘positive’ counterpart to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM). While the DSM focuses on what can go wrong, Character Strengths and Virtues is designed to look at what can go right. In their research they looked across cultures and across millennia to attempt to distill a manageable list of virtues that have been highly valued from ancient China and India, through Greece and Rome, to contemporary Western cultures. Their list includes six character strengths: wisdom/knowledge, courage, humanity, justice, temperance, and transcendence. Each of these has perhaps a half-dozen sub-entries; for instance, temperance includes forgiveness, humility, prudence, and self-regulation.”



Positive Psychology Melbourne

Source: Positive Psychology Melbourne (Click on chart for larger chart and more information).


Inspired by


Source:Mental Health America


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About Claudia

Hi!! My name is Claudia. Blogging is sort of a creative/therapeutic activity for me. I blog about being a wife, mother, student, caseworker, and simply being human through photography, words, music, and blog challenges. Mental illness has also been part of my life, so you'll sometimes find mental health and psychology in my posts. I've dealt with anxiety and depression most of my life. And my husband has bipolar disorder. My hope is that I may show readers that it is possible for people to live positive, productive lives despite mental illness, challenges, or frustrations. View all posts by Claudia

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